Newsletter – Spring 2019
A Newsletter From Your Local Independent Grain Elevator and Crop Inputs Supplier
Phone 1-800-368-3018 or 519-744-4941 Website: www.rosendalefarms.com
e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Follow us on Twitter! @WaterlooCrop
Spring is just around the corner!
The maple syrup producers have had a good run already… spring is soon here!! Now is time to make your final plans to get equipment ready and crop plans finalized. Start planning for success!
Grain Marketing –
Ouch! … At the time of this writing, the USDA report on March 29th was not friendly for corn as US farmers are intending to plant more corn acres than expected. The good news is that demand/usage for corn has been great. So there will be some volatility in the corn market as there needs to be excellent production out of the US this year to keep supplying the increased demand … so with any hiccups in planting, summer drought, etc there might be good opportunities to make sales. If you buy corn for feed, look at buying a portion of your needs on this pullback as prices may move higher over the next couple of months.
US soybean acres are expected to drop – but there is a huge supply globally and the US/China trade war is not helping. Same thing, consider some sales on rallies.
Wheat as well should have some upside potential through the spring/summer as US wheat acres are down. An unknown is what will happen in western Canada with the Chinese blocking Canadian canola – will the western Canadian farmers switch some acres out of canola? What will they switch to?
As usual, lots of uncertainty in the grain markets -- Control what you can control and give yourself the best chance to grow big yields while making sales at above average prices.
We are working on a direct deposit option for your grain cheques. Contact us for more information.
Matthew Fletcher will be joining us for the summer! Currently, he is entering his fourth year at the University of Guelph. He is within the Ontario Agriculture College, majoring in Honors Agriculture. He comes from a small Hereford cow/calf operation in Brant County. Matt has shown a keen interest within the Grains and Oilseed industry as a large focus of his studies have been targeted towards crops, soil health, and cropping systems. As well, with his time at the OAC he has sat on many boards from his class executive, the Student Federation of the OAC, and the Central Student Association. He looks forward to continuing his education this summer at Waterloo Crop Services and create new relationships with producers around Waterloo, Wellington and neighboring counties.
Tasha is the newest member of our Agronomy Team. Tasha joins us as a graduate of the University of Guelph with a B.Sc. in Plant Science (2014) and an M.Sc. in Weed Science (2017). She brings with her a diverse knowledge of row and horticultural crops from working with Vaughn Agriculture, the University of Guelph, OMAFRA, and most recently from her role as Technical Agronomist with Dekalb. In her spare time, Tasha can be found at the arena working on her hockey skills.
Andrew joined our team at the beginning of September. He was hired on to help manage the seed and chemical warehouse. Andrew graduated with a diploma in Agriculture from University of Guelph Ridgetown Campus. Before joining us he worked for Monsanto as a soybean research assistant in Guelph. In his spare time, Andrew enjoys basketball and kayaking.
Congratulations to Marinda on passing both the Ontario and International Certified Crop Advisor (CCA) exams! This is a huge achievement for Marinda and we are very proud of her!
Agronomy – a brief overview
- Weather over the next couple of weeks will be important in determining survival as it breaks dormancy. Cold, wet weather, soils low in phosphorus, poor drainage can all be factors affecting how wheat will survive over the next month or so. If you are concerned about survival, in mid-late April, look for a minimum of 7-10 plants per foot of row; ideal is about 20. Remember to look for new, healthy growth not just green tissue. Looking for new white growth from the wheat crown is key
- If less than 10% of the field is killed out, and the majority has a good plant stand, keep it
Straw: if you need straw consider an early N application on winter wheat or no-till in spring wheat
- Trying to decide whether to keep or replant wheat this spring? Here are a few things to consider:
Re-plant crop: if planning to replant to corn, early N application from wheat will get utilized by the corn. If planning to replant to soybeans, best to wait to determine wheat stand. Soybeans are usually seeded after corn so that gives more time for the wheat to establish and determine your N needs.
- Wheat fields with minimal tillers would benefit from an early N application. Applying 50-60% of your N then top dressing the remaining N program when the wheat starts elongating. The split application will help to manage your risk of N loss.
- One Application? Aim for the mid-late April Timeframe. Consider using a N- stabilizer like ESN, Agrotain or eNtrench to prevent N loss.
- …. And don’t forget Sulphur (Su)! A 10:1 N to Su ratio minimum is the general rule of thumb for Su. Very critical to help achieve high yields in wheat.
- Make sure your planter units are well maintained! Planting depth is very important to achieving maximum corn yield. Even planting depth helps to achieve uniform emergence. A minimum of 1 ½” on your planter units is ideal. Late emerging plants don’t maximize their yield potential. --- So watch your planting speed!
- Get weeds controlled early! Use residual chemistries and multiple modes of action for effective weed management!
- Consider fungicides – helps maximize yield and potentially reducing toxins in silage and grain.
- Consider split applying N on corn --- especially on lighter soils that don’t have good organic matter and nitrogen holding capacity. Or if you are putting all your N on upfront, using a stabilizer to prevent loss.
- Make sure your soil fertility is adequate and remember… big yields remove big levels of nutrients!
- We have several growers who want to achieve 300+ bushel corn yields – they are starting with a portion of their acres this year. This takes planning and commitment to try things and spend money wisely to strive for big yields.
Feed Your Beans!
- Seed Size: 2018 brought average to higher than average soybean yields to many growers across SW Ontario. Part of these increased yields came from larger seed size rather than having more beans per plant. While this was great when marketing the grain, it may cause some headaches at planting.
- On average, seed size is 10-15% larger
- Check drill or planter settings before heading out to the field, and check seed tags for seed size
- Xtend Soybeans: a good tool but be very careful if you are using a dicamba post-emerge on your soybeans- it can affect your crops and your neighbours!!
- Consider applying a fungicide around flowering time. Big soybean yields can be protected from white mould if application is timed properly. If a field has historically had issue with white mould, plant a variety more tolerant to white mould
| ||Crop Removal P ||Crop Removal K |
|45 Bu Soybeans ||36 lbs ||63 lbs |
|60 Bu Soybeans ||48 lbs ||84 lbs |
Big soybean yields = big crop removal! Make sure this spring you are fertilizing to support those yields for future years
Please keep in mind that we have a good supply of Pioneer corn, soybeans, alfalfa and inoculant. We also carry spring cereals as well… we can deliver!!
Pioneer has some new corn and soybean varieties, contact us if you would like to do a plot to have a look at these!
A great guide to help identify weeds, insects and diseases in corn, soybeans and wheat.
Developed by Grain Farmers of Ontario, this app is used to help growers sell their corn, soybeans, wheat, oats and barley. Alerts can also be set for various commodities by setting upper and lower price limits.
Pioneer Field360 Plantability
Use this app to get suggestions on plate size, pressure or vacuum setting speed based on your planter type. Will also provide planter adjustment tips.
Through Pioneer, this app will provide you with crop health images weekly throughout the season. Will also track precipitation and GDU accumulation.
Tank Mix It
Provides a recommendation with proper tank mixing sequence and saves that application information as a spray log for record keeping.
Planning and execution associated with corn planting are critical if growers are to maximize the genetic potential of today’s elite corn hybrids. The simple secret for success is to “do everything right.” If you fall short of reaching your goal the relative reduction in crop yield are as follows:
A primary goal of corn growers is to achieve stands containing uniformly large-sized plants that consistently produce one full-sized ear each. Small, delayed or “runt” plants rarely, if ever, produce full-sized ears. Logically, late-emerging plants are less able to compete for limited light, nutrient and moisture resources with earlier-emerging and larger neighbors. It is critical, therefore, that you ensure your planter is maintained and set up to properly achieve uniform seed depth and spacing.
- Variable emergence (5-9%)
- Plant outside the optimum window (2-5%)
- Miss the correct population (1-2%)
- Variable plant spacing (1-2%)
Weeds…. Prepare thyself!
“Do not be cheap. Weed control is an investment into the current and future crops on every field.”
That was a quote taken from Mike Cowbrough’s News article on Field Crop News. He went on to talk about practical weed control solutions that you can use on your farm.
Here is an overview of the 3 things he talked about:
- Use a pre-plant herbicide, ideally with residual activity, to stay on top of early season weed control – even with RR varieties/ hybrids. This will help to keep the fields clean during the ‘Weed Free period’ helping to maximize production
- Include fall weed control in your spray program. This will help to keep your fields cleaner coming into the spring and reduce perennial weed pressure
- The use of cover crops like cereal rye has been seen to reduce fleabane pressure in fields. If you are seeing high pressure it may be something to experiment with
Farmer Evans was driving his John Deere tractor along the road with a trailer load of fertilizer. Tim, a little boy of eight, was playing in his yard when he saw the farmer and asked, 'What've you got in your trailer?'
'Manure,' Farmer Evans replied.
'What are you going to do with it?' asked Tim.
'Put it on my strawberries,' answered the farmer.
Tim replied, 'You ought to come and eat with us, we put ice-cream on our strawberries.'
From all of us here, have a safe spring season and plan for success!
Thank you for your business !!