A Newsletter From Your Local Independent Grain Elevator and Crop Inputs Supplier
Thank you for taking time to read our newsletter. We have put together some timely thoughts and hope it helps you to make good decisions to help your operation.
At the time of writing, the summer around here has been very dry. Wheat and spring cereals will not have filled out like they could have, corn is in survival mode, just wrapping the leaves to protect itself as much as possible from moisture loss. Soybeans are looking surprisingly good at this point – but as usual beans “are made in August” as the saying goes. We don’t need a lot of rain, but timely rains are important!
Well, the June crop USDA crop report set the tone for the trade -- lots of wheat and corn supply projected .. but soybeans acres are down somewhat. Now the focus will be on weather and how big or small the crop will be. As we saw, prices dropped accordingly – with a lot of volatility. Have prices stopped dropping? Will they go higher? Nobody knows for sure but if the US doesn’t have any weather issues through the rest of the summer, the odds are that prices will continue to fall. However, we know that prices won’t fall steadily. There will be opportunities to price on some rallies. Hopefully, you have done some forward contracting. If not, you may need some patience. Low prices make it that much more important to get bigger yields. Control the things you can control.
NonGMO/IP soybeans update - $$ on the table!!
With the premiums offered for Non-GMO soybeans, there has been a huge switch to growing these soybeans. Just a reminder to get the best premium, quality will have to be very good this fall in order for you to take advantage of these premiums!! Make sure you do a great job of weed control, spray for diseases and insects as needed in order to maintain quality soybeans! Finally, make sure you are patient at harvest; tolerances of mud-tagging and staining will be very tight!! Patience is easier if you have your own combine, but if you have custom harvesting done keep in contact with him to make sure they know you have IP beans and making sure equipment is clean and non-GMO free! Moisture tolerances are also different for different varieties of IP beans as well… make sure you know!! Communication with everyone is key!!
Think Clean, Think Quality and Think about Communication … this will increase your chances of success!!
#plant18.. That’s a Wrap!
Or is it? .. Although planting may be finished, these few weeks after planting has wrapped up is a great time to check how your planter performed this year. It is important to walk some of your fields and check the planting depth. Ideally, soybeans should be planted 1-1.5 inches deep and corn should be planted 1.5-2 inches deep. However, planting into moisture is till key when determining planting depth! To check, start digging up plants measuring from the bottom of the mesocotyl to the soil line. If seed isn’t placed in the ground at the right depth, it leads to uneven emergence and gaps in the stand. If you check these details now, it give you the opportunity to make changes before next year’s planting season.
Side-dressing Nitrogen on Corn
Nice to see the corn across the countryside moving right along with the heat the last couple weeks. Now is the time to start thinking about side-dressing corn, specifically if a portion of your N program was applied pre-plant. A large portion of corn’s total nitrogen is taken up from the eight leaf to tassel stage of corn. With the drier conditions, it is important to make sure the corn isn’t stressed going into pollination and having adequate nitrogen will help to mitigate some of that plant stress.
At Rosendale, we use the SoilScan 360 as a tool in making recommendations for side dressing rates. For livestock growers much of the nitrogen from the manure will continue to mineralize over the season, but we can measure the amount of nitrate in the soil and based on the fertility program make a recommendation of whether more nitrogen is needed. If you need a nitrate test done or would like more information, contact the office.
Western Bean Cutworm and Fungicide on Corn
These nasty bugs will be back! The western bean cutworm moths originally came from the mid-US. Over the last few years, their territory has expanded to overwinter here in Ontario. Moths will start emerging late June, with peak flight occurring around corn tassel timing. Female moths will lay egg masses, on the upper surface of the top 2-3 leaves.
Egg masses take a few days to hatch, moving from white in colour to a dark blue/ purple appearance. After hatching, the larvae are hungry! They quickly move to the tassel – if the tassel is fully emerged, this will provide the larvae with energy to move down to the cob to feed on the silks. If the tassel is not out, there is nothing available for the larvae to feed on so the early emerging egg masses are not a concern. Higher risk fields are those that come into tassel during the peak flight period of the moths. When scouting for cutworm, check 20 plants in 5 different areas of the field, using the sun to help scout for the egg masses (see image below). Economic threshold for WBC is 5% (i.e. if 5 egg masses are found over the 100 plant scouted), however for quality concerns with mycotoxins the threshold is 2%.
Tassel timing is also the best time to spray fungicide. Some things to consider when deciding to spray are the previous crop as pathogens can survive in corn residue, so a corn on corn rotation is more susceptible to diseases. The field history with diseases also is important if the pathogens could already be present. Weather conditions can play a big role in how the diseases can spread. The humid weather with high winds blow diseases in and cause them to spread. Finally the hybrid choice can be the main factor in how much your plant can withstand. Make sure to look at the disease rating for each hybrid you have planted. Northern corn leaf blight has been more of an issue in the last few years and we have seen from trials it can be a huge benefit to protect the corn leaves from the disease.
High tonnage alfalfa also requires high amounts of fertility. Make sure you are not depleting your soils when growing alfalfa. Fertilizer, manure or a combination of the two sources is beneficial to keep the plant and soil healthy throughout the season. Fertility rates are based off the soil test results for that field. Generally removal rates for alfalfa per tonne are: 10P, 45K, 22Ca, 4Mg, 4Su.
White Mould Timing
Fungicide timing for white mould in soybeans is quickly approaching. White mould is a fungus that attacks the flowers on a soybean plant. Therefore, ideal timing for white mould is R1.5- R2; mid to full bloom.
For a 2 pass fungicide program on soybeans, target the R1.5 timing with a second application 7 to 10 days later. Second year soybeans, fields with history of white mould, history of manure, and susceptible soybean varieties are the fields of higher concern.
Also if your DuPont Coupons haven’t been used yet, Acapella is a great product to spray to for white mould protection on your soybeans.
This is another insect to watch out for this year. Aphid eggs overwinter on buckthorn trees and emerge in the spring. After 3 generations, the aphids develop wings and are able to move into soybean fields. Aphids can also move in with storm fronts from the United States. The neonicotinoid seed treatment is no longer present when soybeans reach the R1 stage, 50-60 days after planting. Scout the soybeans by turning over trifoliate and looking at the stem of the plant. Threshold for the aphids is 250 aphids per plant.
The dry weather has certainly affected all crops … sometimes using a foliar nutrient application can help keep that crop healthy until the next rain event!
Chemical Jug and Seed Bag Returns
As we are getting closer to the planting and spraying season we would like to remind growers we can recycle chemical jugs and seed bags
- Chemical Jugs are required to be triple rinsed, labels and caps removed and placed in specific clear chemical jug bags
- Seed bags must be completely empty (bulk bags, paper or plastic) and placed in specific clear seed bags. If you are returning large bulk seed bags please neatly fold them and tie them in bundles of six.
With the upcoming wheat harvest, it is time to think about planting your fall wheat crop in September. Give us a call to book your wheat seed and fertilizer needs.
Thank you for your business!!